The basic foundation of Islamic
Islam means complete submission to Allah, the one and only God. The word "Allah" is a combination of "Al-" (which means "the") and "ilah" (which means "god"). Hence Allah is The God. The oneness of God is affirmed in Chapter 112 (Sura Al-Ikhlas) of the Quran which can be translated as follows:
Say: He is Allah the One and Only;[112.1]
Allah is the Self-Sufficient (independent of all, while all are dependent on Him);[112.2]
He begets not, nor is He begotten;[112.3]
And there is none comparable to Him.[112.4]
The Chapter affirms that God is one. For if there were more than one god, then the various gods would want to wrestle the power from other gods, and take control of the universe. This is explaned in the the verse 017.042 of the Chapter 17 (Sura Al-Isra'):
Say: If there had been (other) gods with Him, as they say,- behold, they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne!
The results will be chaos.
The Sura also affirms that Allah is absolute, which means He is independant of others while all others are dependant on Him. This verse (verse 2) can lead to arrays of explanations which are embodied in the Quran and Al-Hadith (whivch is the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad). Some examples are:
1. Muslims must only ask Allah for their needs. This must of course be done along with proper preparations and strategy.
2. Allah set limits or bounderies as to the things that human are allowed and forbidden to do. Within these limits, human are free to do what they prefer.
The oneness of God also means that Allah has no father nor children. Allah is the creator of everything that are found in the universe. If Allah had a father or a son, then the human mind will wonder if there was a grandfather and so on. If God were born, then He is being created. So, who has created Him? Human inquisitive mind will never end seeking for answers.
The verse 116 of Chapter 2 (Al-Baqarah) should silent Muslim minds from asking such questions:
002.116 They say: "God hath begotten a son" :Glory be to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him.
The capacity of the human mind is very limited. It can only envisage things that they have seen. No one will ever know what the planets in the distant solar systems of the milky way galaxy look like. No one will ever know the types of living beings in those plantes. There are billions of galaxies in the universe. They are just too far away for human to get there. If we cannot even know how those planets and possible inhabitants look like, there is no way that we can know how the Creator looks like. Thus, anything that we picture out as God, it is not God. Beacuse there is none comparable to Allah.