Thursday, December 23, 2010

Kangkong

Kangkong (Ipomoea aquaticus)

Kangkong can grow on water and on land (dry or wet). In the market one can find two types of kangkong, one having light-coloured stem with narrow leaves (locally termed "kangkong Cina" or "Chinese kangkong"), and the other with purplish stem with broad leaves (simply called "kangkong"). The plant is eaten as vegitable with rice. It can be fried-cooked with soy source, onion dan dried chilli.

Ecocrop (see reference below) describes the plant as follows: "A succulent vine that trails over wet ground, or can climb by twining,with glabrous foliage, and white flowers. It roots freely at nodes."

"Kang kong originated in tropical Asia, possibly India. The dry land form of kang kong yields best grown in the lowland humid tropics. Yields may be about 20-30 t/ha ot 2-3 kg/m˝"






Scientific classification:

Kingdom : Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order : Solanales
Family : Convolvulaceae
Genus : Ipomoea

Species name varies in different reference sites as follows:

A. Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. Water spinach
Ipomoea reptans Linn. Balañgog (Ilk.)
Ipomoea subdentata Miq. Galatgat (Ilk.)
Convolvulus reptans Linn. Kangkong (Bik., Tag., Pamp.)
Convolvulus repens Vahl Kangkung (Sul.)
Convolvulus adansoni Lam. Tangkong (Ilk., Kuy., Bis.)

B. Crop Protection Compendium.

Preferred Scientific Name: Ipomoea aquatica Forsskål,1775

Other Scientific Names:

Ipomoea reptans Poiret 1814
Convolvulus reptans Linnaeus, 1753
Ipomoea subdentata Miquel 1856-59
Ipomoea repens Roth 1821
Convolvulus repens Vahl, 1790
Convolvulus repens Willdenow 1797
Convolvulus adansonii Desrousseaux 1814


>References:

Dish:
http://www.noobcook.com/sambal-kangkong/

Medicinal use:
http://www.stuartxchange.org/Kangkong.html

Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database
Family: Convolvulaceae
compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL.
http://www.tuninst.net/MyanMedPlants/TIL/famC/Convolvulaceae.htm

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20218

Ecocrop :FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropView?id=17650
Ipomoea aquatica var. reptans

Crop Protection Compendium. http://www.cabi.org/cpc/
http://www.cabicompendium.org/NamesLists/CPC/Full/IPO_AQ.htm

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