Due to its importance as source of edible oil, the biology, crop production and industrial aspect of the crop is widely known and comprehensive information in ll aspects of the plant can be found in the literature. The plant has an advantage over other sources of edible oils because its fruits are virtually full of oil.
In the old days it took between 6-8 years after planting before the plant bear fruits. However, modern varieties can start fruiting within 3-4 years after planting.
Young trees which are already bearing fruits
Fruit bunch with unripe fruits
Fruit bunch with ripe fruits