Saturday, September 3, 2011

Mango

The genus Mangifera


(This short description has been extracted from
Mango:Botany ad Taxonomy Please visit the site for full description.)

"The genus Mangifera consists of 69 species and mostly restricted to tropical Asia. The highest diversity occurs in Malaysia, particularly in peninsular Malaya, Borneo and Sumatra representing heart of the distribution range of the genus. Tree is medium to large (10-40 m in height), evergreen with symmetrical, rounded canopy ranging from low and dense to upright and open. The leaves are simple, ex stipulate, alternately arranged, 15-45 cm in length. The petiole varies in length from 1 to 12 cm, always swollen at the base. It is grooved on the upper side. Hermaphrodite and male flowers are produced in the same panicle, usually with a larger number of the later. The size of both male and hermaphrodite flowers varies from 6 to 8 mm in diameter." Sometimes the leaves are covered by black colored fungus called sooty molds.

The fruits are of different sizes varying from as small as 50 gram to 1.5 kilos each. The shapes also vary from nearly rounded to elongated, with an almost oval shape being the most common. Regardless of the shepes, the fruit can be considered to have four sides, which are frontal, dorsal and two sides. The lowermost part of the fruits almost always pointed towards the frontal side. The side areas are always larger (wider) than the frontal or dorsal areas.

Because of the intensive and extensive breeding studies the breakdown of species of mango has become complicated with the creation of species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars. Breeding has not only been carried out by research institutes but also by idividual farmers in the effort to produce consumer-choiced products.


Classification

according to: zipcodezoo.com

"•Order: Burserales  - Baskerville, 1839
•Family: Anacardiaceae  - Lindley, 1830
•Subfamily: Anacardioideae 
•Genus: Mangifera - L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5:93. 1754 "


Common types in Malaysia:

Mangifera odorata Griff (Kuini)
Mangifera indica L.(Common mango; pelam telur)








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