Sunday, July 29, 2012

Schizophyllum communae

Schizophyllum commune is a very common fungus of rotting wood.It forms a fruiting body called basidiocarp, which is tough compared to other common mushrooms such as Agaricus sp. The mushroom is edible and widely consumed in the tropics.

The fungus has been used as a tradisional medicine in some communities and has been widely studied for its biological activities. Scientific studies have revealed that the extract contains substances which can act as immuno-modulators, which are substances, beta-glucans, that are can influencing the immune response of organisms.

Beta-glucans are built from polysaccharide molecules that contain units linked together mainly by beta -1.3 - glycosidic bonds. Schizophyllan has been isolated from this fungus (http://www.vitaprodukt.com/index.php?load=betag).

Genome sequence has also been done and published in the journal Nature biotechnology. (http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v28/n9/full/nbt.1643.html)

Classification:

Division:Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Schizophyllaceae












No comments: