Saturday, September 22, 2012

Polypores Fungi





Polypores are collective name for a group of fungi that belong to the Phylum Basidiomycota. Polypores are characterized by the presence of vertical pores, which house the fertile hymenium, on the underside of the fruiting body (basidiocarp). However, some members of the group have gill-like structures resembling the gill of the Agaricales group such as the button mushroom and Schizophyllum commune, which has been described in an ealier post.

Most members are saprophytic, living on dead plant materials, but others are known to be plant pathogens. For example, the fungus Ganoderma boninense Pat is an agent of basal stem rot of oil palm. Others, such as Ganoderma lucidum, have been used as food supplements and components of traditional Chinese medicine.

Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Subphylum: Agaricomycotina
Classes: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Polyporaceae
Gunera: (Many genera)