Tuesday, July 9, 2013
Today is the the last day of the month of Shaaban and tomorrow, Insya Allah (Allah permits), will be first day of fasting in Malaysia. Therefore, I would like to extend my salam Ramadhan Al-Mubarak to all Muslims all over the world. Muslims who are fit (in term of shariyah) are obligated to fast the whole of the month of Ramadhan. May Allah grant you taqwa, which is the aim of the Ramadhan fasting. I have read and heard that, many non-Muslims are trying to experience fasting as well. May Allah bless you.
I now would like to continue the discussion on death. To be frank I had thought that the discussion on this topic is a short one-posting type. However, when I start on it I find that there are much information and thoughts that I would like to share.
To know what comes out of someone who have died, it is easier to begin with what has/have entered the featus's body before it is born. There is no medical information on this topic, except the physical developments that result in fully developed human that can move, even within the womb. When (at what age) does the featus start moving and what makes the fetus move, whereas before that it was motionless?
For Muslims, the answer should be seeked within the pages of the Quran and the hadith (traditions) of Prophet Muhammad. The information gathered is as follows:
The physical development within the womb :
(All References are From Sahih International)
From Chapter 23 - Al-Mukminun:
23:13 - Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging.
23:14 - Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah , the best of creators.
23:15 -Then indeed, after that you are to die.
From Surah 40 - Ghafir
40:67 - It is He who created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop, then from a clinging clot; then He brings you out as a child; then [He develops you] that you reach your [time of] maturity, then [further] that you become elders. And among you is he who is taken in death before [that], so that you reach a specified term; and perhaps you will use reason.
In addition to physical development there is another process that happens to the featus which is described as fallows:
Chaper 32 - As-Sajdah
32:7 - (He is) Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay.
32:8 - Then He made his posterity out of the extract of a liquid disdained.
32:9 - Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul (Arabic = roh) and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.
The same happened to Adam who wan directly from clay (without father and mother) and Prophet Jesus who was born without a father:
From Chapter 38 - Sad (On the creation of Prophet Adam PBUH)
38:71 - (So mention) when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.
38:72 - So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul (roh), then fall down to him in prostration."
From Chapter 66 - At-Tahrim (On the creation of Prophet Jesus PBUH)
66:12 And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of 'Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient.
In the Quran, it is not stated precisely when the roh enters the featus's body. Luckily, a hadith from Prophet Muhammad PBUH gives the answer, which is 120 days.
"Verily, each one of you is formed in his mother's womb forty days as a drop, then he is something suspended for a similar period, then he is a piece of flesh like a chewed piece of meat for another period of forty days, then the angel is sent to insert the roh (spirit/soul)....." (Hadith narrated Muslim).
Hence, there is something that is called roh (spirit/soul) that is breathed or blown into the featus or completed Prophet Adam's body before they are able to function. Thus, roh is the factor that make human being alive.
Thus, roh is the one that is taken out of the body when one dies.Once the roh is taken out all of the body functions ceased to from performing their designated activities.
Wallahu A'alam (Allah the Knowing Everything)