Saturday, July 20, 2013

Forgiveness of Sins

In Islamic teaching, human being are continuously, whether knowingly or unknowingly and purposely or otherwise, committing sins towards Allah and also towards His creations. Sins can be of two categories, which are minor sins and major sins. Minor sins can be forgiven (erased) through performing good deeds plus seeking forgiveness. Repentant may be optional but highly encouraged. However, forgiveness from major sins can only be forgiven through repentant followed by doing good deeds. Seeking forgiveness should be done as quickly as they are commited.

Surah Ali Imran 3:133

And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden as wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for the righteous (Sahih International)

Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,- (my surah)

Surah Ali Imran 3:134

Who spend [in the cause of Allah ] during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people - and Allah loves the doers of good; (Sahih International)

Those who spend (free will), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;- (my surah)

Ali Imran 3:135

And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins - and who can forgive sins except Allah ? - and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know.(Sahih International)

And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins,- and who can forgive sins except Allah.- and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done. (my surah)

Surah Ali Imran 3:136

Those - their reward is forgiveness from their Lord and gardens beneath which rivers flow [in Paradise], wherein they will abide eternally; and excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers.(Sahih International)

For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath,- an eternal dwelling: How excellent a recompense for those who work (and strive)! (my surah)

Forgiveness can only be given by Allah. No human being can forgive sins committed towards Allah. Allah does not commission any one to stand in for Him, for forgiveness solely belongs to Allah (see Ali Imran 3:135 above) . Sins committed through inflicting losses, injuries, ect upon other human being need forgiveness by the victims before Allah can grant forgiveness. Thus, this from of sins is more difficult to deal with. To make oneself free from this trouble, one must restrain oneself from inlicting any form of trouble towards fellow human being and his belongings.

Allah is most forgiving. He offers forgiveness for the sins of those servants who seek forgiveness.  The hadith (Prophet's Tradition) below clearly support this statement :

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: "Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?" (HR Al-Bukhari) 

Why wait till tomorrow?  Open your heart to seeking forgiveness and repentant, for it had been documented that the Prophet (PBUH) himself did so more than seventy times a day:

Aghar ibn Yassar (may Allah be pleased with him) heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say, "Oh people, repent to Allah, for indeed, I repent to Allah 100 times every day" (HR Muslim)

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUM) saying: "By Allah, I seek Allah's forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day. [HR Al-Bukhari]

Throughout the month of Ramadhan, the Muslims are urged to do good deeds and to ask for forgiveness. Good deeds are rewarded in multiple amounts compared to other months. Repentant and seeking forgiveness are more likely to be accepted during Ramadhan than the rest of the year.

Surah Al-Qasas 28:83

"Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgement] with a good deed will have better than it; and whoever comes with an evil deed - then those who did evil deeds will not be recompensed except [as much as] what they used to do"  (Sahih International)

"If any does good, the reward to him is better than his deed; but if any does evil, the doers of evil are only punished (to the extent) of their deeds." (My Surah)

Allah is Most Benevolent that the multiplication of reward granted in the month of Ramadhan is on top of the multiplication of reward already granted during the rest of the year (insya Allah). This reward is stated in this hadith of the Prophet's SAW:

"Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: "If any one of you improve (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is."" [HR Al-Bukhari)

Allah is all-Knowing and Most Knowledgeable

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