Friday, December 18, 2015

NCAA Footbal Playoff

The post season bowls have started  and the teams taking part are very excited. Every team and supporters want to win the bowl game, but participation in itself is already an enjoyable occasion. But all eyes are focused the NCAA Football Playoff which starts with the semifinal games between one-loss Alabama and Michigan State, and between the unbeaten and number one-ranked Clemson and Oklahoma. The games are schedule to be played on December 31st. The winners will play in the final on January 12th.

Predictions seem to favour a final between Alabama and Oklahoma. I would-like to predict that way too, but deep inside me the game between Alabama could turn to be a repeat of last year's semi-final results.  But Alabama can win if Jake Coker plays plays well and the pass defense can stop the Michigan State pass offense.  Then, leave it to  running back Derrick Henry to complete the rest of the story.

But the result will be always the way that Allah want it to be.

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Furcraea foetida

Furcraea  is a genus from the Plant Family Asparagaceae. There many species of  included in the genus Furcraea.  The species Furcraea foetida is stemless or having a short stem. The leaves are green to yellowish green. They are broad at the centre and taper towards the basal and distal ends. 

The species of the genera Agave and Furcraea are many and appear to be closely similar to the eye of common people. Unless someone is an expert, it is safer to name a plant having the look of  Agave and Furcraea to limit naming up to the genus or even the family levels. It may be much safer to call them by their common names.  In this blog, it has constantly been the practice of the author to regard the information as amateurish and has no academic value.


Mudskipper is a group of fish spend most of its time outside the water. It can walk and skip on mud and solid soils.  One the genera of this fish is Periophthalmus sp. 

These pictures were taken from the Kuala Selangor Nature Park  or locally known as Taman Alam Kuala Selangor.  In this natural park bird watching can be an interesting adventure. It could serve to augment an assignment at the Kuala Lumpur Bird Park

Monday, December 14, 2015

Zephyranthes rosea

Zephyranthes rosea  is commonly known as fairy lily. It is a small plant from the Plant Family Amaryllidaceae.  The flowers are reddish to pink in colour.

Similar-looking plant with white flowers is given the name  Zephyranthes candida.

Loropetalum chinense

Loropetalum chinense is a shrub plant from the Plant Family Hamamelidaceae  (Order: Saxifragales).

The leaves are small  and dark purple n colour with an html colour code of  #4d004c.

The flowers are also small but unique, in that the petals are elongated  narrow rectangles.  When the plant blooms, the whole may be covered with flowers.

The plants are often grown as bonsai.

The above picture was taken in Malaysia, while the three pictures below
were taken from Nagoya, Japan.

Sunday, December 13, 2015

Licuala grandis

Licuala grandis is a palm tree of the Plant Family Arecaceae.  The plant is a single tree, that is without giving rise to new young plants.  The stem is thin and unbranched. It is propagated by seeds. The fruits are borne in inflorescent, which are from in between the main stem and the leaf fronds.  The fruits are small and can be produced abundantly.

The palm is generally used for beautifying landscape.

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Burung ruak-ruak

Amaurornis phoenicurus ialah sejenis burung yang hidup dalam kawasan belukar yang berair atau sawah padi.
 Amaurornis phoenicurus is a bird, which lives in wet areas of bushes or padi fields

Burung ini boleh  terbang dalam jarak yang dekat.
The bird can fly for short distances.

Biasanya, ia mancari makan di atas tanah dan tidak di udara atau di atas pohon-pohon kayu. 
Normally, it obtains its food on the ground, and not from the air or from trees.

Burung ini mempunyai bulu berwarna putih pada kawasan dada dan leher, tetapi berwarna gelap pada bahagian lain.  
This bird has white feathers at the chest and neck, but dark coloured at other parts of the body.

Warna bulu badan mungkin bergantung kepada subspesies. Di Malaysia dan Indonesia subspecies yang biasa dilihat mempunyai bulu cokolet pada bahagian bawah ekor.
The colour of body feathers can vary with subspecies. In Malaysia and Indonesia subspecies that often seen possessing brown feathers at the underside of tail.

Parohnya agak panjang, sesuai dengan cara ia mencari makan dan jenis makanan ia makan.
The  beak is rather long, adapted to the way it searches for food and the type of food it eats.

Deskripsi di atas adalah pada cerapan seorang amatur dan tidak seharusnya digunakan dalam penulisan akademik atau ilmiah.

The above account of the the bird is merely a personal observation of an armature author and has no academic and scientific value.

Friday, December 11, 2015

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis is a dwarf palm tree of the Plant Family Arecaceae. It is commonly known as bottle palm. It is endemic in Mascarene Island, which is situated east of Madagascar. The plant shown here is found in front of the convocation hall of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Thursday, December 10, 2015

Gomphrena globosa

Gomphrena globosa is an annual plant Family Amaranthaceae. It is commonly known as globe amaranth, The stem is thin, weak and branched. The leave are oblong and thick.  The flowers form global inflorescence at the tip of the main shoot or branches. The flowers are red to purple in  colour.

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Annona muricata

Annona muricata  is a fruiting plant from the Plant Family Anonaceae. The plant is a small tree with leaves having a peculiar or distinctive smell. Basically, the fruits have no definitive shape. The skin is green and the pulp is white. The fruit has a sour taste even when the fruit is ripen and becoming sweet. Normally the fruit are medium sized of about half to one kilogram. The fruit shown below is larger than normal.

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Agave species

Agave is a large genus from the plant family Asparagaceae.  Large compounds surrounding a house or a office building can be beautified with an Agave plant either by itself or among other plants.

Sunday, December 6, 2015

Codiaeum variegatum

Codiaeum variegatum (Family:  Euphorbiaceae) is commonly known as garden croton and also variegated croton. The name croton can cause some confusion since there is a genus of plant with Croton as the  scientific name. Codiaeum is characterrised by their bright colourful leaves.

Thursday, December 3, 2015

Bird Nest

A unique bird nest. How is it that the nests made by birds of the same species have the same shape?

Monday, November 30, 2015


Magnolia is a genus of the plant Family Magnoliaceae. This large genus has been subjected to various classification studies with the result that two levels between genus and species are erected. These are sub-genus and section.

One Magnolia plant, commonly called egg magnolia has been given different scientific names, which  are spread across the sub-genus and sections.  These are Michelia pumila, Talauma pumila, Talauma candollei, and Magnolia liliifera.

Recent attempts in the resolve classification ambiguity of Magnolia, have resorted to the use of molecular method.  A berief description can be obtained from this article:

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Costus erythrophyllus

Costus erythrophyllus (Family Costaceae) is an ornamental plant that grows well in pots or on the ground. The plant is considerably shorter than other Costus species. The leaf blades are wider. The underside of the leaves have strong purple colour.

The inflorescent is reddish and the flower petals are white with reddish patches.

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Adiantum trapeziforme

Adiantum trapeziforme is a fern species from the family Pteridaceae. Leaves are bipinnate compound leaves. Leaflets are rhomboid is shape and  alternately arranged on rachis, which are in turn, alternately arranged on a main rachis.

Friday, November 6, 2015

Liliaceae plant

This commercialised Lilliaceae plant has the look of Lilium hybrid. This hybrid has good smell. The flowers last a few days. But the presence of flowers and buds of different stages of development allows the cut flowers bunch to continue flowering for more than a week. 

Superior ovary characteristic of Liliaceae plants

Friday, July 17, 2015

Tradescantia spathacea

Tradescantia spathacea and Tradescantia spathacea variegata (Family: Commelinaceae) are herbaceous plants of which variegata is a variety, subspecies or other categories lower than species. The common type is green with purplish colouration at the margin. The underneath of the leaves is purple. On the other hand the variegata from is having leaves with longitudinal variegation. The leaves look like having parallel  green, white and purplish strips

Tradescantia spathacea 

Tradescantia spathacea variegata

The two forms may not exactly "exclusive". Observations show that the variegated form can produce non-variegated wholly purple leaves. When this shoots are planted the can reproduce the variegated form.

Monday, June 29, 2015

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Surah At-Takwiir Surah (81)

This Chapter (Surah) was revealed in Makkah, that is before the hijrah of the Prophet Muhammad SAW (peace be upon him) to Medinah. The pagan Arabs in Makkah at that time did not belief in the Hereafter and recompense on the Day of Judgement. To them, when human die, they will decay and finish thereof. Therefore, when Prophet Muhammad SAW came with the messages that there will be life after death, they ridiculed and rejected him. They opposed him to the extent that they labelled him as madman, possessed and practicing sorcery. In the Al-Qur'an Allah record their behaviour in several verses. One example is this:

"And when those who disbelieve see you, [O Muhammad], they take you not except in ridicule, [saying], "Is this the one who insults your gods?" And they are, at the mention of the Most Merciful, disbelievers." (Al-Anbiyaa' 21:36).

 Allah revealed  that previous prophets were also treated the same way by their own people:

"Then if they deny you, [O Muhammad] - so were messengers denied before you, who brought clear proofs and written ordinances and the enlightening Scripture." (Aali 'Imraan 3:184)

"Then We sent after him messengers to their peoples, and they came to them with clear proofs. But they were not to believe in that which they had denied before. Thus We seal over the hearts of the transgressors." (Yunus 10:74)

"Then We sent Our messengers in succession. Every time there came to a nation its messenger, they denied him, so We made them follow one another [to destruction], and We made them narrations. So away with a people who do not believe." (Al-Mu'minuun 23:44)

""And if they deny you, [O Muhammad] - already were messengers denied before you. And to Allah are returned [all] matters." (Faatir 35:4)

This Chapter (Surah 81) was revealed to nullified their baseless accusations. Indeed, the Al-Qur'an is truly the word of Allah. It was revealed to the Prophet through the Archangel Gabriel. Both the prophet and the Archangel are of high esteem and trustworthy.

Translations of The Surah At-Takwiir Surah (81)

Bismillahi Ar-Rahmani Ar-Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

[Part I. Introduction: Sequence of event leading to destruction of universe and death of every inhabitant of the universe]

A001 - When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up; (Yusof Ali)*
B001 - When the sun is darkened; (Sayiid Qutb)**
C001 - When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light and is overthrown);(Linguistic Miracle)***
D001 - When the sun is wrapped up [in darkness]; (Sahih International)****
 [Search: Sun Running Out of Hydrogen]

A002 - When the stars fall, losing their lustre;
B002 - When the stars fall and dispesed;
C002 - And when the stars fall, dispersing;
D002 - And when the stars fall, dispersing;
[Read about the black hole]

A003 - When the mountains vanish (like a mirage);
B003 - When the mountains are made to move away;
C003 - and when the mountains are set in motion;
D003 - And when the mountains are removed

A004 - When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended;
B004 - When the camels, ten months pregnant, are left untended;
C004 - and when the 10 month pregnant she-camels shall be neglected;
 D004 - And when full-term she-camels are neglected;

[Pregnant camels are very valued possession] 

A005 - When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations);
B005 - When the wild beasts are herded together;
C005 - And when the wild beasts are herded together,
D005 - And when the wild beasts are gathered;

A006 - When the oceans boil over with a swell;
B006 - When the oceans boil over with a swell;
C006 - And when the seas shall become as blazing Fire or shall overflow;
D006 - And when the seas are filled with flame;

[Part I. Introduction II: Sequence of event leading to recreation (resurrection) of human following death and preparation of  Hell and Paradise to the state of readiness to accommodate those who will be rewarded and those who will be punished]

A007 - When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like);
B007 - When men's souls are paired (like with like);
C007 - And when the (inner) selves will be paired, (i.e., joined to their bodies)
D007 - And when the souls are paired

[every human re-formed as he previously live on the earth]

A008 - When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -
B008 - When the infant girl, buried alive, is asked -
C008 - And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned.
D008 - And when the girl [who was] buried alive is asked;

A009 - For what crime she was killed;
B009 - For what crime she was slain;
C009 - For what sin she was killed.
D009 - For what sin she was killed .

A010 - When the scrolls are laid open;
B010 - When the records are laid open;
C010 - And when the written pages of deeds (good and bad) of every person shall be laid open;
D010 - And when the pages are made public;

A011 - When the world on High is unveiled;
B011 - When the sky is stripped bare;
C011 - and when the heaven is stripped off;
D011 - And when the sky is stripped away;

A012 - When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;
B012 - When the Hell is made to burn fiercely;
C012 - and when the Hell-fire is set ablaze/alight;
D012 - And when Hellfire is set ablaze;

A013 - And when the Garden is brought near;-
B013 - And Paradise is brought near;-
C013 - And when Paradise shall be brought near,
D013 - And when Paradise is brought near,

A014 - (Then) shall each soul know what it has put forward.
B014 - Every soul shall know what it has put forward.
C014 - ...every nafs will know what it has brought forward (of good and bad).
D014 - A soul will [then] know what it has brought [with it].

[Part II. Allah swear by His enormous creations that the Messeges and the Messengers (Archangel Gabriel AHS and then Prophet Muhammad SAW, who recieve and unveild the messages to human are absolutely the truth]

A015 - So verily I call to witness the planets - that recede,
B015 - I sware by the turning stars,
C015 - I swear by the planets that recede (i.e. disappear during the day and appear during the night).
D015 - So I swear by the retreating stars -

A016 - Go straight, or hide;
B016 - which move swiftly and hide themselves away;
C016 - And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves,
D016 - Those that run [their courses] and disappear;

A017 - And the Night as it dissipates;
B017 - And by the Night as come darkening on;
C017 - And by the night when it darkens
D017 - And by the night as it closes in;

A018 - And the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness;-
B018 - And by the Dawn as it ts to breathe;-
C018 - And by the morning when it breathes,
D018 - And by the dawn when it breathes

A019 - Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger,
B019 - this is truly the word of a noble and mighty Messenger,
C019 - This is truly the word of a noble Messenger.
D019 - [That] indeed, the Qur'an is a word [conveyed by] a noble messenger,

A020 - Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne,
B020 - who enjoys a secure position with the Lord of the Throne,
C020 - [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position],
D020 - [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position],

A021 - With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust.

B021 - He is obeyed in Heaven, faithful to his trust.
C021 - Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy.
D021 - Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy.

A022 - And (O people!) your companion is not one possessed;
B022 - Your old friend is not mad;
C022 - And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is not a madman;
D022 - And your companion is not [at all] mad.

A023 - And without doubt he saw him in the clear horizon.
B023 - He saw him on the clear horizon.
C023 - he saw him in the clearest part of the horizon.
D023 - And he has already seen Gabriel in the clear horizon.

A024 - Neither doth he withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen.
B024 - He does not grudge the secrets of the Unseen.
C024 - And Muhammad is not a with-holder of [knowledge of] the unseen.
D024 - And Muhammad is not a withholder of [knowledge of] the unseen.

A025 - Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed.
B025 - It not the word an accursed devil.
C025 - And the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].
D025 - And the Qur'an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].

[Part III.  Conclusion: Al-Qur'an is a reminder. To belief or not to belief, and to practise or not to practise, are up to individuals. The consequences are explicitly detailed here and elsewhere in the Al-Qur'an.]

A026 - When whither go ye?
B026 - Whither then are you going?
C026 - so where are you heading?
D026 - So where are you going?

A027 - Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds:
B027 - This is only a reminder to all men:
C027 - this is nothing but a reminder for the worlds.
D027 - It is not, except a reminder to the worlds

A028 -(With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight:
B028 - to those of you whose will has to be upright:
C028 - To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight,
D028 - For whoever wills among you to take a right course.

A029 - But ye shall not will except as Allah wills,- the Cherisher of the Worlds.
B029 - Yet, you cannot will except by the will of Allah, Lord of all the Worlds.
C029 - And you do not will except that Allah wills – Lord of the worlds. (mankind, jinns and all that exists)
D029 - And you do not will except that Allah wills - Lord of the worlds.

Please go to the sources to read interpretation and explanation:

*A.Yusuf Ali - The Holy Qur'an - Translation and Commentary.
**Sayyid Qutb - In The Shade of The Qur'an (English Translation)
***Linguistis Miricle _ Bayyinah Arabic Institute
****Sahih International;

Friday, June 5, 2015

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Family Fabaceae)  is a common landscape beautification plant found in many parts of the world. In Malaysia the plant can be found in recreational areas and public gardens. It is a woody evergreen plant with compound small leaves. The flowers are red with some yellowish areas on the petals. The stamens and the stigma have long stalks, i.e filaments and style. The common name is bunga merak, which means peacock flower in English.

Sunday, May 31, 2015

Hydrangea macrophylla

Hydrangea macrophylla is a species of the Plant Family Hydrangeacea. It is a herbaceous plant with relatively large green leaves. The leaves are wide at tapering at both ends. The margins of the leaves are  not smooth, but are generally serrated.

The species is native to China and Japan, but is now grown in many parts of the world as an ornamental plant. Typically, the flowers occur in clump and are bluish, but varieties can come with different colours of flowers.