This Chapter (Surah) was revealed in Makkah, that is before the hijrah of the Prophet Muhammad SAW (peace be upon him) to Medinah. The pagan Arabs in Makkah at that time did not belief in the Hereafter and recompense on the Day of Judgement. To them, when human die, they will decay and finish thereof. Therefore, when Prophet Muhammad SAW came with the messages that there will be life after death, they ridiculed and rejected him. They opposed him to the extent that they labelled him as madman, possessed and practicing sorcery. In the Al-Qur'an Allah record their behaviour in several verses. One example is this:
"And when those who disbelieve see you, [O Muhammad], they take you not except in ridicule, [saying], "Is this the one who insults your gods?" And they are, at the mention of the Most Merciful, disbelievers." (Al-Anbiyaa' 21:36).
Allah revealed that previous prophets were also treated the same way by their own people:
"Then if they deny you, [O Muhammad] - so were messengers denied before you, who brought clear proofs and written ordinances and the enlightening Scripture." (Aali 'Imraan 3:184)
"Then We sent after him messengers to their peoples, and they came to them with clear proofs. But they were not to believe in that which they had denied before. Thus We seal over the hearts of the transgressors." (Yunus 10:74)
"Then We sent Our messengers in succession. Every time there came to a nation its messenger, they denied him, so We made them follow one another [to destruction], and We made them narrations. So away with a people who do not believe." (Al-Mu'minuun 23:44)
""And if they deny you, [O Muhammad] - already were messengers denied before you. And to Allah are returned [all] matters." (Faatir 35:4)
This Chapter (Surah 81) was revealed to nullified their baseless accusations. Indeed, the Al-Qur'an is truly the word of Allah. It was revealed to the Prophet through the Archangel Gabriel. Both the prophet and the Archangel are of high esteem and trustworthy.
Translations of The Surah At-Takwiir Surah (81)
Bismillahi Ar-Rahmani Ar-Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
[Part I. Introduction: Sequence of event leading to destruction of universe and death of every inhabitant of the universe]
A001 - When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up; (Yusof Ali)*
B001 - When the sun is darkened; (Sayiid Qutb)**
C001 - When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light and is overthrown);(Linguistic Miracle)***
D001 - When the sun is wrapped up [in darkness]; (Sahih International)****
[Search: Sun Running Out of Hydrogen]
A002 - When the stars fall, losing their lustre;
B002 - When the stars fall and dispesed;
C002 - And when the stars fall, dispersing;
D002 - And when the stars fall, dispersing;
[Read about the black hole]
A003 - When the mountains vanish (like a mirage);
B003 - When the mountains are made to move away;
C003 - and when the mountains are set in motion;
D003 - And when the mountains are removed
A004 - When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended;
B004 - When the camels, ten months pregnant, are left untended;
C004 - and when the 10 month pregnant she-camels shall be neglected;
D004 - And when full-term she-camels are neglected;
[Pregnant camels are very valued possession]
A005 - When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations);
B005 - When the wild beasts are herded together;
C005 - And when the wild beasts are herded together,
D005 - And when the wild beasts are gathered;
A006 - When the oceans boil over with a swell;
B006 - When the oceans boil over with a swell;
C006 - And when the seas shall become as blazing Fire or shall overflow;
D006 - And when the seas are filled with flame;
[Part I. Introduction II: Sequence of event leading to recreation (resurrection) of human following death and preparation of Hell and Paradise to the state of readiness to accommodate those who will be rewarded and those who will be punished]
A007 - When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like);
B007 - When men's souls are paired (like with like);
C007 - And when the (inner) selves will be paired, (i.e., joined to their bodies)
D007 - And when the souls are paired
[every human re-formed as he previously live on the earth]
A008 - When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -
B008 - When the infant girl, buried alive, is asked -
C008 - And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned.
D008 - And when the girl [who was] buried alive is asked;
A009 - For what crime she was killed;
B009 - For what crime she was slain;
C009 - For what sin she was killed.
D009 - For what sin she was killed .
A010 - When the scrolls are laid open;
B010 - When the records are laid open;
C010 - And when the written pages of deeds (good and bad) of every person shall be laid open;
D010 - And when the pages are made public;
A011 - When the world on High is unveiled;
B011 - When the sky is stripped bare;
C011 - and when the heaven is stripped off;
D011 - And when the sky is stripped away;
A012 - When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;
B012 - When the Hell is made to burn fiercely;
C012 - and when the Hell-fire is set ablaze/alight;
D012 - And when Hellfire is set ablaze;
A013 - And when the Garden is brought near;-
B013 - And Paradise is brought near;-
C013 - And when Paradise shall be brought near,
D013 - And when Paradise is brought near,
A014 - (Then) shall each soul know what it has put forward.
B014 - Every soul shall know what it has put forward.
C014 - ...every nafs will know what it has brought forward (of good and bad).
D014 - A soul will [then] know what it has brought [with it].
[Part II. Allah swear by His enormous creations that the Messeges and the Messengers (Archangel Gabriel AHS and then Prophet Muhammad SAW, who recieve and unveild the messages to human are absolutely the truth]
A015 - So verily I call to witness the planets - that recede,
B015 - I sware by the turning stars,
C015 - I swear by the planets that recede (i.e. disappear during the day and appear during the night).
D015 - So I swear by the retreating stars -
A016 - Go straight, or hide;
B016 - which move swiftly and hide themselves away;
C016 - And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves,
D016 - Those that run [their courses] and disappear;
A017 - And the Night as it dissipates;
B017 - And by the Night as come darkening on;
C017 - And by the night when it darkens
D017 - And by the night as it closes in;
A018 - And the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness;-
B018 - And by the Dawn as it ts to breathe;-
C018 - And by the morning when it breathes,
D018 - And by the dawn when it breathes
A019 - Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger,
B019 - this is truly the word of a noble and mighty Messenger,
C019 - This is truly the word of a noble Messenger.
D019 - [That] indeed, the Qur'an is a word [conveyed by] a noble messenger,
A020 - Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne,
B020 - who enjoys a secure position with the Lord of the Throne,
C020 - [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position],
D020 - [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position],
A021 - With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust.
B021 - He is obeyed in Heaven, faithful to his trust.
C021 - Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy.
D021 - Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy.
A022 - And (O people!) your companion is not one possessed;
B022 - Your old friend is not mad;
C022 - And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is not a madman;
D022 - And your companion is not [at all] mad.
A023 - And without doubt he saw him in the clear horizon.
B023 - He saw him on the clear horizon.
C023 - he saw him in the clearest part of the horizon.
D023 - And he has already seen Gabriel in the clear horizon.
A024 - Neither doth he withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen.
B024 - He does not grudge the secrets of the Unseen.
C024 - And Muhammad is not a with-holder of [knowledge of] the unseen.
D024 - And Muhammad is not a withholder of [knowledge of] the unseen.
A025 - Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed.
B025 - It not the word an accursed devil.
C025 - And the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].
D025 - And the Qur'an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].
[Part III. Conclusion: Al-Qur'an is a reminder. To belief or not to belief, and to practise or not to practise, are up to individuals. The consequences are explicitly detailed here and elsewhere in the Al-Qur'an.]
A026 - When whither go ye?
B026 - Whither then are you going?
C026 - so where are you heading?
D026 - So where are you going?
A027 - Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds:
B027 - This is only a reminder to all men:
C027 - this is nothing but a reminder for the worlds.
D027 - It is not, except a reminder to the worlds
A028 -(With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight:
B028 - to those of you whose will has to be upright:
C028 - To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight,
D028 - For whoever wills among you to take a right course.
A029 - But ye shall not will except as Allah wills,- the Cherisher of the Worlds.
B029 - Yet, you cannot will except by the will of Allah, Lord of all the Worlds.
C029 - And you do not will except that Allah wills – Lord of the worlds. (mankind, jinns and all that exists)
D029 - And you do not will except that Allah wills - Lord of the worlds.
Please go to the sources to read interpretation and explanation:
*A.Yusuf Ali - The Holy Qur'an - Translation and Commentary.
**Sayyid Qutb - In The Shade of The Qur'an (English Translation)
***Linguistis Miricle _ Bayyinah Arabic Institute
****Sahih International; http://quran.com/81